Evidence-based Programs and Practices

Evidence-based practice (EBP) involves complex and conscientious decision-making which is based not only on the available evidence but also on characteristics, situations, and preferences. It recognizes that care is individualized and ever changing and involves uncertainties and probabilities.

In the health care field, evidence-based practice (or practices), also called EBP or EBPs, generally refers to approaches to prevention or treatment that are validated by some form of documented scientific evidence. What counts as “evidence” varies. Evidence often is defined as findings established through scientific research, such as controlled clinical studies, but other methods of establishing evidence are considered valid as well. Evidence-based practice stands in contrast to approaches that are based on tradition, convention, belief, or anecdotal evidence. EBP develops individualized guidelines of best practices to inform the improvement of whatever professional task is at hand.